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Advancing equality and diversity in universities and colleges


Working with data

Guidance and tools to help you gather and analyse equality data, and deal with small numbers

Where do I start?

Equality data is central to equality and diversity work – it is essential to understand both the context of your institution and to identify where action is needed.

But gathering and analysing this data can be daunting, especially if you don’t have much experience working with data.

We’ve put together a short guide to the basics of data gathering and analysis. It introduces concepts and approaches and provides a number of analytical tools alongside examples of how to interpret and present qualitative and quantitative data.

Small samples? Don’t panic

Dealing with equality data often involves small numbers of individuals. This may be because a group isn’t well represented in your institution, or because your institution itself is quite small. But it is possible to get meaningful results from small samples, with the right tools.

Download our Confidence interval calculator

You can download our Confidence interval calculator to check the validity of your results whether you are dealing with a small number of individuals or national figures.

Just enter your data into the relevant spreadsheets, and it will automatically calculate 95% confidence intervals and generate a graph that you can copy and paste into reports or strategy documents. The calculator includes instructions for data entry and the interpretation of results. See the briefing for more information on using and interpreting confidence intervals.